“stop” + verb (to/ -ing)

STOP cu verb la infinitiv sau cu terminatie “-ing”


  • She stopped talking.
  • She stopped to talk.

Ambele propozitii sunt corecte gramatical, ambele situatii se pot intalni in comunicare, insa exista o mare diferenta de inteles intre ele. Care?

Ei, bine, trebuie sa fii atent la urmatoarele lucruri:

  • Stop + V-ing are sens de “a inceta o activitate”
  • Stop + (to) V are sens de “ a te opri cu scopul de a …”, “a te opri pentru ca sa…”

Deci:

  • She stopped talking. = S-a oprit din vorba, din discutie.
  • She stopped to talk. = S-a oprit, pentru ca sa vorbeasca.

Alte exemple:

A renuntat la fumat. => He stopped smoking.

Repara masina, dar s-a oprit ca sa fumeze o tigara. => He was repairing the car, but he stopped to smoke a cigarette.

“like” + verb (“to”/ “-ing”)

LIKE cu verb la infinitiv sau “-ing”

 

 
 
Una dintre regulile gramaticale spune ca dupa verbe ca:

  • like, enjoy, love etc.

daca urmeaza un alt verb, atunci el trebuie sa aiba terminatia “-ing”.

Astfel, exista propozitii de felul urmator:

I like going shopping.

She enjoys watching TV.

We love visiting our parents.

Dupa aceste verbe se pune, insa, si verb la infinitiv lung, adica de forma “to V”, atunci cand alegi sa faci ceva intr-un anume context.

I like to go shopping on Saturday.

She enjoys to watch TV when she comes back from work.

We love to visit our parents in the morning to have coffee together.

Must/ Have to

Must/ Have to

 

 

1. Oh, I like this magazine! I must read it.

2. I’m sorry, I can’t stay any longer. I have to write a report for tomorrow.

Intre cele doua situatii exista o diferenta foarte mica. Ambele exprima obligatia, insa “must” este o obligatie venita de la cel care vorbeste, iar “have to” este o obligatie venita din exterior.

  1. O, imi place revista aceasta! Trebuie s-o citesc.
  2. Imi pare rau, nu mai pot sta. Trebuie sa scriu un raport pentru maine.

Astfel, vorbitorul din primul exemplu abia asteapta sa citeasca o revista care-i place => trebuie s-o citeasca pentru ca el doreste asta.

Vorbitorul din al doilea exemplu este obligat de sef sau de altcineva sa scrie un raport; nu e un lucru pe care si-l doreste neaparat.

 

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Past Perfect Simple & Continuous/ Past Simple

  1. When I (phone) him, he already (buy) the tickets for the show.
  2. By the time Maddie (notice), her two little children (paint) the cat.
  3. She hardly (close) her bag when her mobile phone (ring) again.
  4. No sooner the doctor (leave) than the old lady (call) him again.
  5. Her grandfather (work) in the army for forty years before he (retire).
  6. When I (talk) to him he (be) exhausted because he (train) for three hours.
  7. Before the teacher (come in) the pupils (copy) the homework from one another for half an hour.
  8. Hardly the manager (sit down) when somebody (knock) at the door.
  9. No sooner Jenny (turn on) the TV than the lights (go off).
  10. When the man (see) the fire in the forest he (call) the firefighters.
  11. When the firefighters (arrive), the people (try) to put out the fire for a long time.
  12. She hardly (order) the drink when the waiter (bring) it.
  13. She (tell) me that her brother already (go) out.
  14. By the time Marianne (think) about his proposal he already (marry) somebody else.
  15. No sooner she (open) her mouth than the dentist (pull) out her tooth.
  16. Jennifer (explain) for five minutes when she (realize) everybody (leave).
  17. The manager (tell) his staff that he (invite) some specialists from abroad.
  18. By the time Jenny’s mother (come) back in the kitchen she (spread) the entire bag of flour on the floor.
  19. They (be) friends for five years before the (get married).
  20. He (stop) the car the moment he (hear) that strange noise.

Going to Future/ Future Simple

Exercitii:

  1. I’ve talked to Jim about that trip and we (travel) by car.
  2. “Oh, the phone is ringing and I can’t answer.” “Don’t worry, I (get) it.”
  3. After a little thinking she has changed her mind and she (meet) me at the station.
  4. When you (finish) your work in the garden?
  5. “What you (have), Ralph?” “Well, I think I (have) a straight whisky.”
  6. Look, the cat (fall)!
  7. “I forgot to write a message for Joan and tell her about the party.” “No problem, I (send) her the message right now.”
  8. I can hear something….I think a thunderstorm (burst).
  9. Jim is very smart and hard-working. He definitely (succeed) in everything.
  10. I feel like eating something sweet. I (make) a chocolate cake right now.

Present Perfect Simple&Continuous/ Past Simple

  1. We (be) at the baker’s a few minutes ago.
  2. “You (send) the mail?” “Yes, I just (send) it.”
  3. I (lose) weight.
  4. What he (do) when he (see) you?
  5. They (have) dinner yet?
  6. I (listen) to loud music for half an hour.
  7. My father (have) this car for only one year.
  8. What he (talk) about for so long?
  9. Mary (be) in the kitchen since she (come). She (cook) for three hours.
  10. How long Paul (wait) for the train?
  11. It’s almost 3 p.m. I (call) you this morning, but I (can not) find you.
  12. My cousin (work) very hard recently.
  13. We (be) friends since we (be) little children.
  14. When Paul and Sue (met)?
  15. I (not receive) any e-mails so far.
  16. Well, I (receive) about ten. Yesterday I (read) about ten, too.
  17. He (ask) you to do that since you (show) up.
  18. I (be) very busy today because I (study) for my Geography exam.
  19. My God! The girls (talk) on the phone for an hour already.
  20. She is very tired, she (work) all day long.
  21. “When you (do) your homework, Dan?” “I (not finish) it yet, but I (write) it since I (arrive).”
  22. Her little sister (collect) napkins for a long time. She already (have) one hundred last week.
  23. How long they (be) here?
  24. The mechanics (not fix) the car they (bring) two days ago.
  25. “The little boy (trip) over a large stone and (break) his nose.” “When it (happen)?” “I think it (be) a couple of hours ago.
  26. Since they last (visit) me, they (see) so many wonderful places.
  27. Excuse me, where you (find) this very nice bag?
  28. What time the children (go) out?
  29. “What you (do) during all this time?” “Well, we (move) to a new house and this week we (carry) the furniture.”
  30. I think he (get) his bike when he (pass) that difficult exam.