Past Simple – Past Continuous – exercitii

1. “What you (do) when I (call) you yesterday?”

2. “I (be) very busy… I (dust) the furniture.”

3. “Why you (dust) it?”

4. “Because I (have to)…”

5. “You also (clean) the house?”

6. “Of course… But it (not be) so bad because while I (clean), I (listen) to music.”

7. “Really? I (not think) about that! I’ll do that, too.”

8. “The only problem (be) when I (use) the vacuum cleaner, because  I (cannot) hear very well… I have a very noisy vacuum cleaner.”

9. “Now I understand why you (not answer) when I (phone) you.”

10.” Well…that, or… music  itself… I guess I (listen)  to really loud music…. Sorry…”

Exercitii Present Simple – Present Continuous

Exercitii Present Simple / Present Continuous (avansati)

 

  1. You (see) what I (see) there??
  2. What? Oh, it’s a UFO!
  3. Look! Some aliens (get off) it.
  4. You (understand) anything? Why they (be) here?
  5. I (not understand)…. Maybe they (meet) somebody today.
  6. But who they (meet)?
  7. You (want) to go there and ask them?
  8. I (be) afraid they (may) catch us.
  9. What you (think) they (can) do to us?
  10. I (not know)… Listen! You (hear) that sound?
  11. Yes, I (guess) they (take off) now.
  12. They (leave) here those two aliens who have just got off?
  13. It (seem) that they (be) some scientists and they (do) some research for the moment.
  14. Hey, John! What you (think) about?
  15. Nothing…. I (dream) with my eyes open….

Rezolvarea propozitiilor:

 

 

Cum punem intrebari in engleza

Folosind explicatia de aici cum-punem-intrebari-in-engleza, tradu urmatoarele intrebari:

  1. Ce citesti in seara asta?
  2. Ce s-a intamplat acum o ora?
  3. Cati prieteni ti-ai facut pana acum?
  4. De cat timp gatesti?
  5. Cine se uită la un documentar deseară?
  6. Au de gand sa se hotarasca ce vor?
  7. Erati acolo cand s-a intamplat accidentul?
  8. Ar trebui ca noi toti sa visam la o lume mai buna?
  9. Stiai (puteai) sa scrii cand te-ai dus la scoala?
  10. Cine s-ar putea sa vina la club?
  11. Ce formatii au venit la concert?
  12. Ai suficient timp liber?

Traducerea intrebarilor de mai sus:

Concordanta timpurilor in engleza

Concordanta timpurilor

 

 

 
 
Verbul din propozitia principala este la prezent:

 

ð     orice timp cere sensul a ceea ce vrei sa transmiti

 

He says Columbus discovered America.

He says he has caught a cold.

He says he is just going out.

He says he goes to the seaside every summer.

He says he is going to prepare a nice meal for his girlfriend.

He says he will bring me the book tomorrow.

 

Verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut :

 

ð     anterioritatea

 

He said he had already finished all the preparations for the party by noon.

 

ð     simultaneitatea

 

He said he broke the plate when he washed it.

He said he broke the plate while he was washing it.

 

He said he finished all the preparations for the party at noon.

 

ð     posterioritatea

 

He said he would bring me that book the next day.

 

He said he will bring me that book tomorrow.

 

Observatie: daca avem un adevar general-valabil, o lege fizica/chimica/a naturii:

 

He said the Earth is round.

He said water freezes at zero degrees.

 

Verbul din propozitia principala este la viitor :

 

Intezis viitorul in subordonata circumstantiala de timp (when, as soon as, before, after…)

 

ð     anterioritatea

 

You’ll go out when / after / as soon as you have done your job.

 

When are you going to learn all these?

 

ð     simultaneitatea

 

I’ll be working on my project while she‘ll be having fun on the beach.

 

Adjective cu terminatie -ED sau -ING

Adjective cu terminatie -ED sau -ING

 

 

•    Pentru a descrie felul in care se simte cineva, folosim adjective terminate in “-ed”

Stress – stressed
Frighten – frightened
Interest – interested

Reguli de scriere (transformari) la adaugarea terminatiei “-ed”:

1. “-e” final dispare

Amuse – amused
Tire – tired
Please – pleased
Surprise – surprised

2. “-y” precedat de consoana se transforma in “-i”

Satisfy – satisfied
Worry – worried

•    Pentru a descrie lucrul sau persoana care produce sentimentul, folosim adjective terminate in “-ing”.

Stress – stressing
Frighten – frightening
Interest – interesting

Reguli de scriere (transformari) la adaugarea terminatiei “-ing”:

1. “-e” final dispare

Amuse – amusing
Tire – tiring
Please – pleasing
Surprise – surprising

2. “-y” ramane neschimbat
Satisfy – satisfying
Worry – worrying
Please – pleasing

Incearca si tu:

1. It’s frustrating / frustrated to spend your time with frustrating / frustrated people.
2. I’m interested / interesting in reading interested / interesting books.
3. I can’t hear you because there is a disturbed / disturbing noise.
4. What a shocked / shocking film! My mother was completely shocked / shocking.
5. This is an exciting / excited adventure. I’m sure the children will be excited / exciting about it.
6. He was fascinated / fascinating by the new construction.

HAVE si HAVE GOT

HAVE si HAVE GOT

 

 

We have a house and a nice car.
We have got a house and a nice car.
(We’ve got a house and a nice car.)

A avea (a poseda)  =>  have got

Numai la Present Simple

Afirmativ:   
I have got
you have got
he/she/it/ has got
we have got
you have got
they have got

Negativ:
I haven’t got
you haven’t got
he/she/it/ hasn’t got
we haven’t got
you haven’t got
they haven’t got

Interogativ:
Have I got…?
have you got…?
has he/she/it got…?
have we got…?
have you got…?
have they got…?

A avea  => to have

Present Simple

Afirmativ:  (dupa schema  S + V)     
I have
you have
he/she/it/ has
we have
you have
they have

Negativ (dupa schema S + do/does + not + V):
I don’t have
you don’t have
he/she/it/ doesn’t have
we don’t have
you don’t have
they don’t have

Interogativ (dupa schema  Do/Does + S + V):
Do I have…?
Do you have…?
DOES he/she/it/ have…?
Do we have…?
Do you have…?
Do they have…?

A NU se confunda cu urmatoarele:

Have to = have got to (a trebui sa, a fi obligat sa)

“Have you got to do all these?”
“Yes, I’ve got to do them all.”

Get – got – got (gotten)

When did you get your car?”
“I got it last year.

His sons have got a lot of presents.

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